Italy's main problem is pollution. Pollution has been the main problem for decades in Italy. Italy's factories emit enormous amounts of carbon that pollutes to environment in Italy and the Mediterranean area around it.
It has been a leading problem for many years and will be a bigger problem in years to come. The emissions from the factories are causing a huge problem for sanitary breathing.
Also, Italy is very slow to confront its environmental problems so the factories have provided an economic advantage in developed countries and that is what Italy cares about.
Water problems have not been a major concern in Italy but it can lead to serious problems.
Italy's coast has been contaminated with acid rain, garbage and solid pollution. In 2001 the nation had 160 cu km of renewable water resources with 53% used in farming activity and 33% used for industrial purposes. Facilities for the treatment and disposal of industrial wastes are inadequate. Italy's cities have produce 19.1 million tons of solid waste per year.